Plants in Amboseli National Park
Plants in Amboseli National Park: Amboseli national park is a home of over 300 plant species that are distributed across the national park. However, over the good decay of years the vegetation cover at the park has dramatically changed. Thi changes are caused by the global changes which are caused by the human actiuons in the environment. Amboseli National Park formerly known as Maasai Amboseli Game Reserve is one of the premium national parks in Kenya. The park is located in Kajaido South Constituency in the famous Kajiado County. Its found along the coastal prince neighbouring the Man-eaters national park called Tsavo National park. The park is famous with the large herds of African Elephants and other African big five. Amboseli National Park is among the smallest protected areas in Kenya, it covers a total land area of 392 square kilometres an equivalent to 39,206 hectares of land. The park is part of the 8,000 square kilometres of the Amboseli ecosystem. Out of the total land area of the park, 30% is covered by the dominat woodlands. The swamps cover around 10% making it thesecond dominat vegetation cover at the park. The ecosystem spreads across the Kenya-Tanzania border in the Southern part. Its crowned by the majestic Mount Kilimanjaro which is the world’s highest free standing mountain. The peaks of the snow-capped mountains are clearly visible at the slopes of the park.
Amboseli plants are distributed across all the five habitants that are found at the park. The park got its name from the Maasai local word which is “Amboseli” meaning the “Salty dust”. Its one of the best national parks not only in Kenya but entire Africa for game viewing especially the African Elephants. The tourists can enjoy the different habitants ranging from the dried-up beds of Lake Amboseli to the open wood savannah grasslands. Among the five habitats found in Amboseli include: Dried bed of Lake Amboseli, Wetlands, Open savannah grasslands, dotted woodlands and the sulphur springs. The location of the park in the dry wind side of Mount Kilimanjaro makes it possible for the park to be visited throughout the year. The typical vegetation is characterised by the hot and dry conditions with prolonged dry season. The park is dominated by the short grasslands with dotted scrubs and some other plant species. There are several Amboseli national park plants. Some of the Amboseli national park plants are medicinal while others are indigenous plant species.
The Amboseli plants are categorised according to the habitants. The open plain plants, the Acacia woodlands, the rocky thorn bush, the swamps that are dominated by the papyrus and Cyperus. Other Amboseli national park plants include the Sueda Monica, Ornithogalium donaldsonii, Acacia and many more. The semi and permanent water catchment areas like swamps have their own distinctive plant species. Amboseli national park plants are also composed of leguminous trees that are found in the areas with high carbohydrate levels. In some books or literatures they show that A. Tortilis seeds were once found in Amboseli national park. Many authors have relied on the East African Herarium which is now called the Kenya Herbarium for the identification of the Amboseli national park plants.
Great appreciation goes directly to the Amboseli Conservation Centre (ACC). They have worked tirelessly on the preservation and conservation of the different Amboseli national park plants. The organosation is dedicated to the close monitoring of the park. They have helped on the identification of the different tree species that are found at the park using the remote sesing methods. Amboseli Conservation Centre has also gone a head on the restoring programme of the trees. They have processed the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) vegetation. They developed an open source time series analysis software that helps them on the general observation of the Amboseli plants.
Amboseli national park plants are dominated by the open savannah woodland which takes the highest percentage of the total land area.
According to the weather conditions collected by the metrological stations around the park, The park receives two rainy seasons. The first rain season is longer and the rains are much starting from March to May and the second rains start around late October to November. The well-distributed rains at the park has contributed to the great spread of Amboseli national park plants. The long list of the scrubs at the park made the park to be gazetted as Heritage site by UNESCO so as to protect the different tree species. According to different authors, there are signs of great environmental changes found at the park that is caused by the local disturbances imposed to the park. Some of the key Amboseli national park plants include: Acacia spp, Croton, Mellia, Commiphora, Acacia Drepanolobium, Sausage tree, Argemone Mexicana weed, Elionurus weed and many other. The Amboseli national park plants are distributed across the park. More trees especialy the ambrella trees are found dotted along the game drive tracks. While others are dominantly found around the safari camps and Amboseli Lodges/hotels. The great number of wildlife species at the park is attributed to the large number of Amboseli national park plants. The flora acts as shelter for the animals at the park. They provide food, shade, hunting destinations for the predators. This has made the ecosystem to balance as the animals leaves well with the plants. The good dependency of the wildlife and the flora at the park has diversified the tourism attractions at the park. The availability of the dense plants at the park has created the scenic beauty of the park.
Amboseli national park plants act s one of the main Amboseli national park attraction that most of the learning tourists come for. However much the park is famous for the large population of African Elephants, they all depend on the available green pasture at the park. The vast range of Amboseli national park plants has helped the large diversified different animal species found at the park.
Apart from the different plant species found at the park, Amboseli national park is gifted by more attractions like Mammals, birds, observation hill, and many others